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www.taxi-airport-zagreb.com

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History of Zagreb - 17th - 19th century

TAXI ZAGREB AIRPORT - AIRPORT ZAGREB TAXI

AIRPORT ZAGREB TAXI TRANSFER SERVICE


  "Transfer service" is a group of company for taxi services, passenger transport, car rental. We offer airport transfers, taxi service, acceptance of passengers at airport terminals, railway stations, bus stations, etc. .. Many years of experience guarantee the quality and level of transportation service you need. Read more about us taking a look at our pages that you can access by clicking the link above. Also for any information and offers please contact us via the online form, directly to our e-mail or by telephone. Among our many clients there are famous international companies, and also you can impress your business partners with our service VIP transportation service and service Airport Zagreb Taxi .


History of Zagreb - 17th - 19th century



It is rather difficult to think of the new developments in terms of a distant past as we are inclined to classify everything remaining from those times as antiquities. The 17th century, however, introduced new buildings and new developments into Old Zagreb.Gradec and Kaptol, the settlements on two hills fortified by defensive walls and towers, prospered.

The first half of the 17th century witnessed the arrival of three Roman Catholic orders in the Upper Town; they greatly contributed to the building activities and to the development of this settlement, triangular in shape. The first to settle here were the Jesuits in 1606, bringing Baroque to Zagreb. They settled in the south east corner of the town. Here they built the first grammar school at 4; Catherine's Square, St. Catherine's Church and their monastery at 4, Jesuit Square. St. Catherine's Church, built between 1620 and 1632, was not only the earliest Baroque sacral building in Zagreb but also represented the highest achievement in the style made popular by the Jesuits.

The building and decoration of the church interior were an incentive to native carpenters, sculptors, painters and gilders who were developing their own Baroque style. The Jesuit monastery (collegiate) although more modest than St. Catherine's Church, is undoubtedly an architectural monument of high merit (recently rebuilt for museum purposes).

The second order to arrive in Gradec was the Capuchins (1618) who settled the area of the south west pail of the town. They restored the old St. Mary's Church, built a monastery nearby (in the present day Vraničani Street) and cultivated their garden on the present day site of the park and the playgrounds. Unfortunately, nothing has remained of the Capuchins buildings as they were all pulled down at the beginning of the 19th century. Nuns of the Clarissa order (about 1650) built up the third, north part of the town close to the Tower called Popov toranj. They built a convent and a nunnery, one wing of which flanked the fortification wall and the medieval tower of Popov toranj. Their church was demolished in the first half of the 19th century, and the convent building today houses the Zagreb City Museum.

The most significant novelty in Kaptol  in the 17th century was the massive south belfry of the Cathedral, which was built after the fire of 1645. Baroque style was introduced into the interiors of the Cathedral, St. Mary's and St. Francis' Churches. Many new mansions and residences were also built in the Baroque style.

In addition to the new elements introduced into the old city nuclei, another new development of vital importance for the town planning of  Zagreb took place. The town authorities realized that relatively small squares around  St. Mark's Church and in front of the Cathedral were not suited for big fairs that had been held there, and to promote trade and manufacture, it was necessary to leave "the walls and ramparts" on the hills. Therefore, the year 1641 was a turning point and a step forward in the life of  Zagreb. The town authorities then, decided to expropriate the gardens lying in the plain below  Gradec and Kaptol and turn them into the site of the future market place. That was the beginning of the present day  Ban Jelacic Square. The area was chosen for two reasons; first, it was very close to both Old Town nuclei and second, it held a spring rich in drinking water. The name of the spring was Manduševac and the spacious square got its first name after the spring. Later it became Harmica, then  Ban Jelacic Square.

The new market place and the fair grounds also became a meeting-place of all "the business world" from  Zagreb and many other parts. It encouraged the authorities to develop the fringes of the city and to construct access roads. Thus, during the 18th century many houses were built on the north and east side of Manduševac and also at the point where Manduševac turned into Ilica Street (the inn). Gradually, the Long Street (Duga Ulica or the present day Radićeva Street), linking Manduševac and the Upper City, developed and eventually became the busiest shopping street in  Zagreb. The market place and the fair grounds of Manduševac attracted people from the southern area of the country and thus, the middle of the 18th century witnessed the beginnings of today's Petrinjska Street. Small dwellings houses sprang up at its north end, which was directly linked with the fair and market grounds.

 

The street had a fancy name, "Med grabami", (amidst the ditches), which was indicative of its appearance and surroundings. However, the function of the road located amidst the ditches was very important. It linked the new business centre of Old Zagreb with the settlements on the north banks of the Sava, and with the aid of a ferry or pontoon bridge, Zagreb was also linked with the regions on the other side of the river. This was of great importance for the supply of food and other products to the Military Borderland (Petrinjska Street was named after Petrinja, the centre of this Military Borderland).

In the 17th century the city records more and more often mention peasants. These were the urban serfs of the nearby villages. In other words, "the free royal city on  Gradec, the hill of Zagreb," which had been a feudal holding since 1242, now had its own urban serfs. The settlements, Gračani, Dedići (near Sestine) and Crnomerec were mentioned as early as the 13th and 14th centuries. At the beginning of the 17th century when the Turkish raids across the Sava were no longer a direct threat, the city authorities set up serfs' villages within the town boundaries, and they gradually grew and developed. During the century there were thirteen villages, some situated in the Sava valley and others on the slopes of Mount  Medvednica. On the slopes, and down between them, lay the villages of  Gračani, Gornje and Donje Prekrižje, Jelenovec, Vrhovci, Čukovici and Domjanići (in the vicinity of Sveti Duh), and in the plain near the river were Trnje, Ilijašići, Bankoviti and Govenka (non-existent today), Horvati and  Crnomerec. Across the Sava were the villages of Pobrežje and Otok. The largest of all the urban villages was Trnje, and its inhabitants frequently used the Med grabami Road that was their link with the town. All the villages were under the jurisdiction of the magistrate in the City Hall at St. Mark's Square, and their religious affiliation was to the parish of  St. Mark's.

This large urban area stretching from the mountain ridges of Medvednica down to the River  Sava, was presented in a geographical map drawn by the surveyor Leopold Kneidinger in 1766, who succeeded in illustrating the situation on a larger scale in the mid-17th century. The original of Kneidinger's map is kept in the Zagreb City Museum.


Why is the Airport Taxi Zagreb Transfer Service from Zagreb Airport to Zagreb center the best way of transportation ?

 

A reliable 24/7 Airport Zagreb Taxi Transfer service will take You to Zagreb City in a safe and comfortable way.
We offer a fast, reliable and secure taxi service, excellent rates. Our taxi drivers speak English and will be happy to help you in any way they can. If you need transportation while you are in Zagreb City please contact us.

Airport Taxi Transfer Service - We will pick you up and drop you off at Zagreb Airport , your taxi will be waiting in a case of delay without any additional costs.
Once you reach Zagreb City in a modern, air conditioned taxi vehicle, you will feel much better than spending hours in a public bus.
Did we mention that our prices for taxi transfers to and from Zagreb Airport are the best?

Mini Van or Mini Bus Taxi Service - if you travel to Zagreb City with a lot of luggage, or more people than a regular taxi can transport, you can select a mini van or a mini bus to take you to Zagreb City. Our mini vans and mini buses are very comfortable, air conditioned and suitable for larger groups or families. Children travel in a child seat and count as an adult.

Airport Taxi Transfer is the safest way of transportation from Zagreb Airport to Zagreb City.
Book Your Airport Taxi Transfer from Zagreb Airport to Zagreb City  in advance.
This way You will get the best taxi service available.
Taxi Transfers Croatia

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